'close down' = to shut
- We have closed down the small local branches and created bigger regional offices.
- The factory closed down in the 1970's because it was too expensive to produce here.
'fight against' = to make an effort to stop something happening
- All the workers fought against the closure but the plant was no longer profitable.
- The unions have been fighting against the proposed changes as they think it will mean job losses.
'go back on something' = to change an agreement
- We had come to an agreement but now she has gone back on it.
- The company promised to review the situation but went back on its word and didn't.
'put back' = to postpone, delay in time
- They promised to make a decision today but it has been put back until next week.
- My visit has been put back until a later date when it will be easier to plan.
'fall behind' = not risen as fast as, fail to do something as fast as required
- We have fallen behind schedule. It won't be completed on time.
- Our salaries have fallen behind the national average with the small increase we have had.
'turn down' = to refuse, not accept
- We offered a two per cent increase but it was turned down.
- We offered him a much higher salary but he turned it down and didn't join our team.
'fill in for someone' = to replace someone during an absence
- I need to brief the person who will be filling in for me while I am on maternity.
- I filled in for Jamie while he was on holiday.
'back someone up' = to support or to help
- Whenever there is a dispute with someone in my team, my manager always backs me up.
- Nobody backed him up when he said he had been discriminated against.
'work out' = to calculate
- I don't know how much holiday I have left. I need to work it out.
- We need to work out how much this is really going to cost.
'drag on' = to last a long time, go on longer than anticipated
- The negotiations are dragging on. I think we'll never reach an agreement.
- The meeting dragged on and on. I thought I'd never get home.
'get on' = to have a good relationship
- I don't like my boss. We just don't get on.
- The atmosphere is terrible. He doesn't get on with his co-workers.
- Before we offer her the job, we need to follow up on her references.
- The training is followed up by regular refresher courses over a six-month period.
- I'd like to discuss it further. Can we set up a meeting?
- I've set up interviews with the remaining three candidates.
- I'd like to leave early on Friday. I'll make up the time next week.
- There was an error in your expenses. We'll make up the difference next month.
- He's leaving at the end of the month. He has handed in his resignation.
- I haven't handed my time sheet in yet. I must do it now.
- They asked him to leave immediately. He didn't have to work out his notice.
- He negotiated a deal so he didn't have to work out his notice and could leave sooner.
- We don't know who is going to replace Sue. We have to sort it out soon.
- I have finally sorted out the error on the time sheets. It's all correct now.
- We still haven't found a suitable candidate. We'll have to carry on looking.
- Until we get the new software installed, we'll have to carry on using the old.
- They had agreed to do it but then backed out.
- He had accepted the post but backed out at the last minute so we're considering other candidates.
- I think your idea is a good one. I think we should go with it.
- We're not really sure which agency to go with. We don't think any of them are really what we are really looking for.