Friday, 10 February 2012


A 'salary' is the money you are paid, usually monthly, for doing a job, usually non-manual.
  • I get a good salary but I need more money.
  • What sort of salary are they offering?
A 'competitive salary' is a good one for that particular job.
  • We are offering a very competitive salary so we should get good applicants.
  • We are not recruiting the best people because our salaries are not very competitive.
A person who gets a salary is a 'salaried employee'.
  • We've reduced the number of salaried employees by 50% and replaced them by temporary workers.
  • It is much easier to get a loan if you are a salaried employee.
If you need money, you can ask for 'a salary advance'.
  • Can I have a salary advance? I'm broke.
  • I asked my boss for a salary advance but he refused to give me one.
If you 'undertake a salary review', you look at all the salaries to decide which need changing.
  • The committee are undertaking a salary review and will report back in a few weeks time.
  • We need to undertake a salary review as our salaries are not very competitive.
'A salary scale' is the range of salaries available.
  • When you start, you will be at the bottom of the salary scale but you will not stay there for long.
  • Our salary scale is not very competitive compared to our competition.
If a salary is good, we can say that it is 'attractive'.
  • We are offering a very attractive salary for the job.
  • It is an attractive salary but I will have to work on Saturdays.
Everybody hopes to get a 'salary increase'.
  • We had no salary increase this year because the company was in trouble.
  • If you offer me an increase in salary, I will stay.
The 'basic salary' is the salary before any extras such as bonuses.
  • The basic salary is quite low but there are large incentive bonuses.
  • I prefer to have a large basic salary as there is more security.
When you start a job, you will receive your 'initial salary'.
  • The initial salary is quite low but you should get promoted to a better job quite quickly.
  • If we want to recruit better people, we will have to offer a more competitive initial salary.
'Pay' is money that you get from your employer, either as a wage or as a salary.
  • What are the pay and conditions for the job?
  • Pay rates in the industry are very poor.
'Back pay' is money owed to you by your employer for work done in the past which has not yet been paid.
  • I'm still owed 3 months back pay for the overtime I did before Christmas.
  • The company cannot afford to give you the back pay it owes you.
A 'pay cut' is a reduction in the amount of pay you are given.
  • We are asking you all to accept a pay cut of 10% to keep the company going.
  • He has the stark choice of accepting a pay cut or losing his job.
A 'pay rise' is an increase in pay.
  • We are looking for a pay rise in line with inflation.
  • I'm going to ask my boss for a pay rise.
A 'pay rate' is the amount per hour (or some other period) that you pay.
  • The pay rate is $12 an hour.
  • The industry cannot attract good quality workers because of the low pay rates.
'Net pay' is the amount earned after deductions (usually for social security and pensions and perhaps for tax.)
  • The gross pay is $12 an hour but net pay is only $9.50 an hour.
  • He said he is only earning $5 an hour but that is his net pay, not his gross.
'Equal pay' means that men and women get the same pay for doing the same job.
  • The women workers are asking for equal pay with the men.
  • In this country, if you don't give the women equal pay, you could go to jail.
An 'itemized pay statement' contains a detailed breakdown of the pay you have earned and the deductions taken from it.
  • The bank want me to give them my itemized pay statements for the last six months.
  • The law states that employees must receive itemized pay statements.
'Performance-related pay' is where the amount you are paid depends on the quality/quantity of your work.
  • Since we introduced performance-related pay, production has doubled.
  • They may need the incentive of performance-related pay.
A 'pay scale' is a range of different pay rates which people will receive depending on various factors (e.g. their grade in the company, their qualifications, their years in the company.)
  • We have six grades on our pay scale. You will start on the bottom one.
  • Perhaps we need to change our pay scale to take account of the loyalty people have shown us?
'gross salary' is the salary before anything is deducted for contributions and tax.
  • Her gross salary is £50 000 but obviously she takes home considerably less than that.
  • He earns £40 000 a year gross.
'net salary' is the salary that you are paid after deductions have made
  • My gross salary is around £60 000 but the net is around £48 000.
  • The net salary is the gross salary minus the deductions the employer makes for contributions and tax.
'deductions' are payments made by the employer for an employee to health and pension schemes based on the gross salary.
  • Although my gross salary seems good, after deductions, I haven't very much left.
  • The details of the deductions are on your pay statement. You can see what you are paying.
'income tax' is the tax which is paid on the money you earn.
  • In the UK, income tax is deducted directly from your salary and paid to the state.
  • In some countries, you have to complete an income tax return annually to calculate the tax to be paid.
'rate' is the amount you are paid per hour, week or month of work.
  • I don't know what the standard rate is for this type of work.
  • Some people are paid on piece rate. They are paid by their output, not by the time it takes.
The 'basic state pension' is the money paid on retirement to everyone who has paid contributions for the required number of years.
  • Although I contribute to the state pension fund, I also pay into a private one too.
  • The basic state pension is very low, too low for a decent standard of living.
The 'national minimum wage' is the minimum an employee can be paid per hour of work.
  • Everyone here is paid a rate that is better than the minimum wage.
  • The national minimum wage varies according to age. Young people are paid less than adults.
The 'equal pay' law states that employers must pay the same to men and women who are doing the same or similar jobs.
  • Equal pay for women is the law but many are still paid less than their male colleagues.
  • Each year, there are many cases where women take their employer to court to fight for equal pay.
'overtime' is a higher rate of pay for working more than the usual hours or unsocial hours.
  • When I work on Sundays, I am paid overtime.
  • I do a lot more hours than in my contract but I don't get paid overtime.
A 'bonus' is an extra amount of money paid as a reward on top of your fixed salary.
  • We usually get a bonus at Christmas depending on how well the company has done.
  • Every year, usually in January, we receive a bonus. It is a discretionary bonus related to your performance.
 When you are ill and unable to work, you may claim statutory sick pay. This is the minimum by law.
  • If you have a work contract, you can claim statutory sick pay from your first day of work.
  • When I was ill, I claimed statutory sick pay which was much less than my salary.
The time that the doctor signs you off for is the period of that you cannot work.
  • The doctor has signed me off for two weeks.
  • I was off sick but the doctor didn’t sign me off until the second week.
When you are off work, to claim sick pay, you must provide a sick note from your doctor.
  • The doctor gave me a sick note to give to my employer.
  • If you want to claim sick pay, you must see your doctor for a sick note.
When you are no longer able to work through illness, you can claim incapacity benefit to replace your salary.
  • He will not be able to return to work and should now claim incapacity benefit.
  • Stress has now replaced back pain as the main reason that people are unable to work and claim incapacity benefit.
An employer can pay occupational sick pay, that is pay more than the minimum sick pay for a certain time depending on the terms of contract.
  • I haven't worked here long enough, so I don’t qualify for occupational sick pay.
  • In some companies, occupational sick pay makes up your full salary for up to one month.
The minimum period of service is the time you have to have worked before you qualify for occupational sick pay.
  • There is no minimum period of service to qualify for statutory sick pay.
  • The minimum period of service to qualify for occupational sick pay is three months.
If you also qualify for occupational sick pay, you may be off on full pay.
  • I have excellent fringe benefits. If I am off sick, I am on full pay for one month.
  • Unfortunately I am not on full pay now as I have been off work too long.
When a woman is expecting a baby, she can take maternity leave and have maternity pay.
  • I can take twenty-six weeks leave with maternity pay and twenty six weeks unpaid.
  • To qualify for maternity pay, I have to have worked for twenty-six weeks for my employer when I am expecting my baby.
If a father wishes to stop work to help with a new born child, he may qualify for paternity pay while he is absent from his job.
  • After twenty-six weeks working here, you can take two weeks leave with paternity pay.
  • To qualify for paternity pay, leave must be taken when the child is born or very soon after. 

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