Friday, 10 February 2012


The top people in a company can be called 'senior management'.
  • We need to get approval for this from senior management.
    With my qualifications and experience, I should have a job in senior management.
Of course, another term for this is 'top management'.
  • He rose quickly through the company and had a top management position before he was 30.
  • The top management of this company have no imagination or drive.
Not surprisingly, the opposite of 'senior management' is 'junior management'.
  • He was promoted from the shop floor into a junior management position.
  • I feel I'm ready to move up from this junior management job.
Between 'senior' and 'junior' management is 'middle management'.
  • It's time I was promoted from junior management to middle management.
  • He rose rapidly to middle management but was then never offered a senior post.
The group of managers can be called the 'management team'.
  • We have a strong management team, full of high quality people.
  • We need to improve our management team to bring new life to the company.
'Aggressive management' means being determined to do well and using strong methods to achieve success.
  • His aggressive management style has upset a few people.
  • We need some aggressive management to wake up this sleeping giant.
'Day-to-day management' is concerned with the ordinary and regular issues of a company.
  • I spend so long on the day-to-day management of my department that I have no time to look at the long-term.
  • You will deal with the day-to-day management of the company while I work on the strategy.
'Strategic management' is concerned with the long-term of the company.
  • This company lacks good strategic management and is just drifting.
  • You need to spend more time on strategic management and less on day-to-day issues.
'General management' is concerned with all aspects of the company, not a specialist area such as Research or Marketing.
  • You've spent your whole career in Sales and you need some experience of general management.
  • You need some time in general management to get an overview of the company.
If there is 'inefficient management', a company will not use its resources as well as it should. The opposite of this is 'efficient management'.
  • The company is riddled with inefficient management. Don't work with them.
  • If we replaced the inefficient management, we could turn this company around.
'Weak management' lacks the determination to carry out difficult decisions or actions.
  • This department has suffered from weak management for the last ten years.
    There is a culture of weak management in this organization.
The opposite of this is 'strong management'.  Notice that you can be 'strong' without being 'aggressive' – the first is reactive to events and the second is proactive.
  • This company needs some strong management to take on the unions.
  • We need strong management in this company, but not too aggressive. 

'to promote' = to move someone up to a higher position in the organization.
  • He handed his notice in last month when he didn't get promoted to senior manager.
  • She wants to be promoted to supervisor but doesn't have the interpersonal skills for that job yet.
'to renew' = to make new, to extend the life or replace something.
  • I originally had a two-year contract but it has been renewed twice.
  • We need to renew the work permits for the foreign workers who have been here a year.
'to lay off' = to make redundant, to stop employing someone
  • When we closed the warehouse, we laid off more than fifty people.
  • Technological advances means that we have had to lay off more and more unskilled workers.
'to demote' = to move someone to a lower level in the hierarchy
  • She was demoted after the terrible changeover to the new accounting system.
  • Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to demote anyone who does not live up to expectations.
'to sideline' = to not promote someone, to move them to a position with less effective power
  • When the new CEO was nominated, he was sidelined to another department.
  • After a period as a very ineffectual head of department, he was sidelined until he retired.
'to replace' = to exchange one thing for another, to put a person in the job of someone else.
  • Ken replaced Tanya when she left to pursue another career.
  • When David left, he was replaced by two people as the job had grown enormously.
'to retire' = to stop working due to ill health or age.
  • Jack suffers from ill health and has had to retire early.
  • The statutory age for retirement is 60 although people often retire early if they can.
'to increase' = to get bigger in amount or size.
  • Contributions that employees pay increased faster than salaries so cutting their net incomes.
  • Even though profits have increased, we are not in a position to increase salaries above the rate of inflation.
'to expand' = to increase in size, number or importance.
  • We have expanded our retail operations very quickly over the last three years.
  • The company expanded very quickly in the 1990s but has since stopped growing so fast.
'to restructure' = to organize a business or system in a new way to make it more efficient.
  • Currently we are restructuring our organization and dividing it into five cost centres.
  • He lost his job when the company restructured the department. 

'to streamline' = to improve the effectiveness of parts of an organization, often by simplifying procedures.
  • We are streamlining the procedure to cut the time it takes to deliver to the customer.
  • Streamlining administration and giving more responsibility to individuals will reduce costs considerably.
'to relocate' = to move to a new place
  • Production is being relocated to Bulgaria next year creating lots of redundancies here.
  • My company paid all the costs when I was relocated to my previous job in Scotland.
'to relax' = to make a rule less strict or severe.
  • Unfortunately we can't relax the no-smoking ban. The law won't permit it.
  • We have relaxed the dress code considerably and now people often wear jeans to the office.
'to enforce' = to impose a rule more strictly or to make people follow a rule.
  • For health and safety reasons, we have to enforce the no-smoking rules.
  • It is extremely difficult to enforce time-keeping rules without some form of electronic system.
'to adjust' = to change something a little to make it correct or suitable.
  • We are adjusting the salary scales so that they reflect present responsibilities better.
  • Salaries are adjusted annually according to the rate of inflation and the financial results.
'to reduce' = to make smaller in size, quantity or importance.
  • We have reduced the number of workers with the introduction of more modern technology.
  • In order to reduce expenditure in the department, we have introduced several cost-cutting measures.
'to deteriorate' = to become worse
  • Morale has deteriorated since the rumours of closure began.
  • Sales figures have continued to deteriorate despite the launch of the latest version.
'to downsize' = to make a company or organization smaller by reducing the number of people working for it.
  • The organization has a plan to downsize in order to reduce costs.
  • Many organizations downsized during the 1980s when new technologies were introduced.
'to phase in' = to introduce something in stages over a period of time
  • The changes in pay scales will be phased in over the next three years.
  • The new organization will be phased in gradually starting here in head office.
'to phase out' = to remove or stop doing something gradually over a period of time.
  • That line of products has been phased out and replaced by the new range.
  • It has taken us six months to phase out the old software and introduce the new.

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