Sunday, 4 November 2012


Have a look at the perfect tenses in English: present perfect, present perfect continuous, past perfect and past perfect continuous.

Present perfect
to put emphasis on the resultto express an action that is still going on
to express an action that stopped recently
for a finished action that has an influence on the present
for an action that has(n't) taken place before
He has studied two units
She has lived here for two years I have made coffee
I have lost my keys
I have never been to Canada
since, for, ever, just, never, yet, so far, till now, up to now, already, recently, lately
Present perfect continuous
to emphasise the duration or continuous course of an action
temporary situation
an action that has just stopped
I have been running for an hour
I have been living here for a month
I have been watching a film on TV
How long , since, for, so far, up to now,
Past perfect For past actions or situations which happened before anther past action or situation
For events before a specific time in the past
When I arrived, they had gone to bed
By 12:30 they had finished lunch
already, by ..., until that day
Past perfect continuous
to emphasise the duration or course of an action which happened before another past action The flowers were wet because it had been raining for, the whole day,

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